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Study on possibilities of implementing MOOCs at the Mongolian National University of Education

Хэвлэлийн нэр: The Direction of Teacher Education in the 4th Industrial Revolution Era. The 12th International Symposium on Teacher Education in East Asia. Seoul National University of Education, Korea

Зохиогч:  Б.Лхасүрэн

Хамтран зохиогч: [Л.Энхбаяр :H.EM14],[М.Булганцэцэг:H.EM15]

Хэвлүүлсэн огноо: 2017-06-14

Хуудас дугаар: 81-89

Өгүүллийн хураангуй:

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is causing the breadth and depth of changes in every aspects of life. Numerous possibilities for rapid development of every country have been increased by emerging technology breakthroughs of the revolution, named as historically unprecedented. During the disruptive transformation, technological innovations have altered the education paradigm and the way of teaching and learning. It calls the demand of high skilled workers who are able to afford and access the digital world and to apply the potential of the world through application of disruptive technologies. The formal classroom we have adjusted tends not to prepare young people for the revolution that is changing the working future.


For adequate training of young people for the disruptive life changes we need to emphasize the application of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) to combine with the conventional teaching. The combination of MOOCs and conventional teaching could be a New Identity for general and higher education to be highly achievable to meet the need of this disruptive revolution. MOOCs have been revealed as a revolutionary innovation for global education. MOOCs are a very rapidly developing field, and they are inspiring innovations in assessments and credentialing. However, the rapid rise of MOOCs has mainly taken place in the Global North. As courses offered free-of-charge to any number of people, anywhere and anytime, MOOCs enable access to higher education and beyond for people who cannot afford a formal education and are disadvantaged. MOOCs emerged from the open education movement. As such, they enable free access to high-quality content and resources, which might be too costly for higher education institutions in developing countries to produce. Use and reuse of MOOCs is therefore an important consideration in developing a national strategy. However, it is crucial to adapt such resources to various contexts. Although the effective MOOCs development are followed by criticism by journalists and academics because of some factors such as language barriers, low course completion rate and insufficient interaction between teachers and students, MOOCs are offered by numerous universities around the world.


This paper explores the possibilities of using educational resources including MOOCs to combine with on campus teaching more effectively. MOOCs have drawn much attention of educational institutions of Mongolia in terms of open-access features, and it has been reflected in the developmental strategy of Mongolian National University of Education (MNUE) to be implemented in the near future. MNUE, which is the largest teacher training institution in Mongolia, aims to develop research, innovation, training methodology and technology and bring the quality of education service to the level of contemporary university. The University formulated its developmental strategy for 2014-2024 which consists of two parts: Administration and Organization; Education Quality and Outcome. Within the framework of this strategy, the university is planning to design the curriculum on online distant learning at undergraduate and graduate levels and increase the number of distant learning programs; create the possibility of carrying out online elective courses regardless of time and location at undergraduate level; design online courses and put them into practice; equip the university professors with the facilities and teaching tools to implement E-learning and U-learning and provide them  methodological guidance at several stages.


This paper also discusses the outcome of project “The requirement, possibility and ways of improving the quality of university courses” which was implemented at the MNUE in collaboration with Oulu University in Finland in the 2016-2017 academic years. This project was financed by the Asian Development Bank in Mongolia, and the handout and guidance of this project is to be published soon to disseminate the outcome of this project to other counterparts in the country. In total, 12 professors from sub-schools of the university participated in this project in which they developed and taught video lessons for undergraduate students by using the latest teaching methodologies in each area. During the implementation of this project, all the participants of this project visited Oulu University in Finland to be introduced to the Finnish education system and learn from best practices. Moreover, they also organized a national training and workshop among the professors of all state and private universities and colleges in Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan and Erdenet cities. This project has been the beginning of preparatory work to enhance university professors to be able to design online courses well suited for needs and demands of today’s learners.     

 In addition, English and German Language Department at MNUE has tried to reuse MOOCs along with conventional classes in few areas such as BA in English education. The authors seek the ways to expand the use of MOOCs extensively in English subjects. We designed a MOOC course on “English listening skill” for 70 senior students studying as a profession of English teacher at the MNUE and made experiment with combining a MOOC course with conventional teaching. In this paper, we present the result of this experiment on how a MOOC supports conventional teaching and which mode is more effective in the digital era.In this case, a technological barrier out of three major barriers of MOOC offerings seems to be less significant compared to other two - prior knowledge and linguistic barriers. The study also includes a comprehensive questionnaire given by researchers to students majoring in English which reveals the problems they are faced with while taking online courses. The strategies for resolving these problems are detailed in the recommendation section of this study.  

Many recommendations have been made as a result of the study. In order to promote MOOCs at the MNUE, several changes in curriculum particularly in learner assessment have to be made and clear guidance has to be provided for learners to overcome the linguistic barrier.  In terms of the required prior knowledge, a MOOC can be offered to the third and fourth year students mainly to help them advance or reorganize their knowledge after studying core subjects in the first two years. Further research is needed to find more ways to overcome difficulties using MOOCs and start developing some MOOCs in other subjects as information technology, educational studies and psychology whose medium of instruction would be in Mongolian language at the MNUE.    


Өгүүллийн төрөл: Олон улсын хурлын эмхэтгэлд бүрэн хэмжээний өгүүлэл

Өгүүллийн зэрэглэл: Гадаад

Түлхүүр үг: #innovations and advances in technology #Massive Open Online Courses #online learning

Өгүүлэл нэмсэн: Б.Лхасүрэн